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The Perception & Action Podcast - Sports Science & Psychology Talk

Exploration of how psychological research can be applied to improving performance, accelerating skill acquisition and designing new technologies in sports, driving and aviation. Hosted by Rob Gray, professor of Human Systems Engineering at Arizona State University, the podcast will review basic concepts and discuss the latest research in these areas.
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**Please see new & improved website at http://perceptionaction.com/ 

 

Mar 28, 2017

How does a performer become attuned to the perceptual information that is optimal for a task? Perceptual learning as a direct movement through information space guided by information for learning involving processes of education of intention, education of attention, and calibration.

 

Articles/links:

Direct Learning

http://www.fangraphs.com/blogs/has-the-fly-ball-revolution-begun/

Learning to visually perceive the relative mass of colliding balls in globally and locally constrained task ecologies

Monocular optical constraints on collision control

Lateral interception I: Operative optical variables, attunement, and calibration

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Subscribe in iOS/Apple

Subscribe in Anroid/Google

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

The Monitors – Gimmie Direction

Ryan Bingham – Direction of the Wind

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

Mar 21, 2017

How does experience and practice change our ability to extract information from our environment and how can we best facilitate this process?  What changes in our brain during perceptual learning?

 

Articles/links:

Perceptual learning and human expertise

Expert baseball batters have greater sensitivity in making swing decisions.

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Subscribe in iOS/Apple

Subscribe in Anroid/Google

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Sonic Rendezvous Band – Love and Learn

Ha Ha Tonka – Learning to Fly

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

Mar 7, 2017

Sports Science Shorts: will baseball’s new proposed rule changes to speed the pace of play make the game more exciting and attract new fans?  What can we learn from similar attempts made in soccer? What determines a sport’s fans level of excitement

 

Articles:

How to Make Soccer More Attractive? Rewards for a Victory, the Teams' Offensiveness, and the Home Bias

Does the Three-Point Rule Make Soccer More Exciting? Evidence From a Regression Discontinuity Design
Suspense: Dynamic Incentives in Sports Contests

Major League Baseball pace-of-play rules and their influence on predicted muscle fatigue during simulated baseball games

http://www.si.com/mlb/2017/02/13/raising-strike-zone-pace-action

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Silver Jews – Random Rules

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

 

Feb 28, 2017

News: A look at a few recent articles in the area of motor learning and performance. Can the structure of motor variability predict the rate at which a performer learns a new skill?  Does using social media before a game increase anxiety in an athlete?  What differs between the way in which I child and adult learns a motor skill?

 

Articles:

Can the Structure of Motor Variability Predict Learning Rate?

Facebook use and its relationship with sport anxiety

Children and Adults Both Learn Motor Sequences Quickly, But Do So Differently

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Coty Hogue  - Second Hand News

Silence is Sexy – Stories Yet to Come

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

Feb 21, 2017

A discussion with Danny Newcombe, Lecturer in Sports Coaching and PE, Oxford Brookes University. Topics discussed include: applying the constraints-led approach to practice design and physical education curriculum, research on the constraints-led approach --what does it tell us about its effectiveness and are we using the correct methods of evaluation?

 

More information about my guest:

http://www.shs.brookes.ac.uk/daniel-newcombe

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Daniel_Newcombe

https://twitter.com/dannynewcombe

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

Twitter: @Shakeywaits

Email: robgray@asu.edu

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Lo Fi is Hi Fi - I’m on a Talk Show

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org

Feb 14, 2017

A discussion with Diane Ste-Marie, Professor in the School of Human Kinetics at the University of Ottawa. Topics discussed include: why do athletes tend to perform better when they have control over the feedback they receive and when is self-controlled feedback ineffective? How do athletes use observation of themselves or others to acquire or improve sports skills and what factors should be taken into account when applying observational learning in sport?

 

More information about my guest:

https://health.uottawa.ca/people/ste-marie-diane

https://www.researchgate.net/researcher/15275124_Diane_M_Ste-Marie

 

Article mentioned:

Observation interventions for motor skill learning and performance: An applied model for the use of observation

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

Twitter: @Shakeywaits

Email: robgray@asu.edu

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Lo Fi is Hi Fi - I’m on a Talk Show

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org

Feb 7, 2017

A discussion with Dave Collins, Professor & Director of the Institute of Coaching & Performance, University of Central Lancashire. Topics discussed include: what it’s like to be a sports psychologist, talent development, performance analytics, technique change, bridging the gap between research and practice, and the role of social media in research.

 

More information about my guest:

http://www.uclan.ac.uk/staff_profiles/professor_dave_collins.php

http://www.gm4p.com/

https://twitter.com/davegm4p

https://www.linkedin.com/in/dave-collins-46678310

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

Twitter: @Shakeywaits

Email: robgray@asu.edu

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Lo Fi is Hi Fi - I’m on a Talk Show

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org

Jan 31, 2017

Do athletes perform better when they talk to themselves? Should the talk be motivational or instructional? Positive or negative? Does it work for both novices and experts?

 

Articles/links:

The influence of self-talk on the performance of skilled female tennis players

Self-talk influences vertical jump performance and kinematics in male rugby union players

Self-Talk of Marathon Runners

Self-Talk and Sports Performance: A Meta-Analysis

Effects of Self-Talk: A Systematic Review

Self-talk: Review and sport-specific model

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Subscribe in iOS/Apple

Subscribe in Anroid/Google

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

The Pandoras – You’re All Talk

Silence is Sexy – Talk

The Sights – Tick Talk Lies

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

Jan 24, 2017

News: A look at a few recent journal articles. Do soccer players and referees sometimes see an event that never really happened? Can a basketball player detect where a dribbler is headed using sound alone? Is doing exercise in front of a mirror effective?

 

Articles:

Seeing the unseen? Illusory causal filling in FIFA referees, players, and novices

Expert Players Accurately Detect an Opponent's Movement Intentions Through Sound Alone

The Effects of Either a Mirror, Internal or External Focus Instructions on Single and Multi-Joint Tasks

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Phantom Goal

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=huS7WcDHJXs

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Ultimate Painting – Can’t You See

White Hills – Oceans of Sound

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

Jan 17, 2017

Why does the presence of others change the performance of an individual athlete? Why is this social facilitation effect sometimes good and sometimes bad?  Does it matter whether the other people are observing, evaluating or performing the same action? Does being “observed” via activity monitoring technology facilitate performance?

 

Articles/links:

The Dynamogenic Factors in Pacemaking and Competition

Social Facilitation From Triplett to Electronic Performance Monitoring

Social "facilitation" as challenge and threat

Social facilitation in motor tasks: a review of research and theory

Social Facilitation of Running: An Unobtrusive

Study

 

Yerkes Dodson Figures

 

My other (new) podcast: Ultra Running Science & Superstitions

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Subscribe in iOS/Apple

Subscribe in Anroid/Google

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

The Dark Brothers – Watching People

The Henry Girls – Watching the Detectives

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

 

Jan 10, 2017

Should the goal of practice be to reduce movement variability to as low a value as possible? Is high variability the signature of an unskilled performer or a necessity for effective learning?

 

Articles/links:

A schema theory of discrete motor skill learning

Feedback-Induced Variability and the Learning of Generalized Motor Programs

Optimizing generalized motor program and parameter learning

Variability in baseball pitching biomechanics among various levels of competition

What variability tells us about movement expertise

The bliss (not the problem) of motor abundance (not redundancy)

Timing an attacking forehand drive in table tennis

Regulation of gait in long jumping

Inter-individual variability in the upper–lower limb breaststroke coordination

Differing Roles of Functional Movement Variability as Experience Increases in Gymnastics

The education of attention as explanation of variability of practice effects: learning the final approach phase in a flight simulator

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Mr Airplane Man – Very Bad Feeling

Dazie Mae – The Very Opposite of My Husband

The New Mystickal Troubadours – The Fully-Blissed Out

Leather Uppers – I Don’t Like You Very Much

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

Jan 3, 2017

My list of the top 5 sports psychology stories from 2016:

  1. The death knell for brain games?
  2. Deliberate practice fights back!
  3. What to do about the relative age effect?
  4. Advances in Teamwork Research
  5. Somebody’s watching (or monitoring) me

 

Articles/links:

Do “Brain-Training” Programs Work?

Peak: The New Science of Expertise

Age-ordered shirt numbering reduces the selection bias associated with the relative age effect

Reversal of the Relative Age Effect

Team Synergies in Sport: Theory and Measures

Theoretical and Methodical Approaches to Studying Team Cognition in Sports

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

Dec 6, 2016

A look at visual channeling theory and its consequences for perception. Why are some people blind to approaching objects in certain areas of their visual field and what implications does it have for sport?

 

Articles/links:

The Charles F. Prentice Award Lecture 1990: specific tests and specific blindnesses: keys, locks, and parallel processing

Visual field defects for unidirectional and oscillatory motion in depth

Impaired Velocity Processing Reveals an Agnosia for Motion in Depth

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Beggar’s Velvet – Blind

Gentleman Jesse – If I Can See You

5440 – I Go Blind

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

 

Nov 29, 2016

My report from the Sports Biometrics Conference held from Nov 13-15, 2016.  Issues discussed include validity of analytics data, whether athletes are going to agree to be continuously monitored and the frequent disconnect between science and practice.

 

Articles/links:

http://sports-biometrics-conference.com/

http://bleacherreport.com/articles/2097866-the-sleeve-that-could-save-baseball-exclusive-look-at-new-mlb-technology

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

The Dark Brothers – Watching People

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

Nov 22, 2016

News: A look at a few recent articles examining the effects of anxiety and pressure on performance and methods for counteracting these effects. Does pressure effect the planning or online control of movements? Could increasing anxiety in practice benefit motor learning?  What are holistic goals and how can they reduce pressure effects?

 

Articles:

The interaction between practice and performance pressure on the planning and control of fast target directed movement

Perceptual-motor learning benefits from increased stress and anxiety

Anxiety and motor performance: More evidence for the effectiveness of holistic process goals as a solution to the process goal paradox

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Mouthbreathers – Anxiety

Wyldlife – She’s Making Me Nervous

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

Nov 15, 2016

Why do we have two eyes?  Is binocular vision necessary for successful performance of motor actions like those involved in sports and driving? Or is it just redundant information? What is it like to live with just one eye?

 

Articles/links:

Binocular Vision and Stereopsis

The visual and driving performance of monocular and binocular heavy-duty truck drivers

Vision with one eye: a review of visual function following unilateral enucleation

Prospective Assessment of Stereoscopic Visual Status and USAF Pilot Training Attrition

Why two eyes are better than one: the two views of binocular vision

The acquisition of catching under monocular and binocular conditions

The contribution of stereo vision to one-handed catching

The development of adaptive head movements following enucleation.

Foundations of cyclopean perception

http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2006/06/19/stereo-sue

Random dot stereograms: http://www.magiceye.com/

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

The Love Me Nots – I’m the One

The Demands – One Thing

Freakwater – Number One with a Bullet

Calexico – Two Silver Trees

Single Bullet Theory – Miss Two Knives

Steadman – Two Together

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

Nov 8, 2016

Which is better: specific or variable practice?  How does it depend on what you are trying to achieve in terms of retention and transfer of skill? The ultramarathon as a complex system and my report on surviving my first one!

 

Articles/links:

A sensorimotor basis for motor learning: evidence indicating specificity of practice

Specificity and variability of practice

Specificity of Learning a Sport Skill to the Visual Condition of Acquisition

 

Cave Creek Thriller 2016:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TVk-ECgORD4

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

#1s – Long Way to Go

Zaki Ibrahim & Fresh Kils - Long Time Running

Paul Collins Beat – Long Time Gone

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

Oct 31, 2016

Is fear in a performer a debilitating problem that must be overcome? Or can freezing from fear actually improve our ability to perceive and act?

 

Articles:

Ready and waiting: Freezing as active action preparation under threat

Simulated self-motion alters perceived time to collision

Freezing promotes perception of coarse visual features

Seeing fearful body language rapidly freezes the observer's motor cortex

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

Port City Music – Night Terrors

Sleep Out – Halloween Parade

Monk Turner – Halloween Night

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

Oct 25, 2016

A look at perceptual-motor development from the ecological perspective.  If it’s not pre-programmed by our genetics, how does a child’s pattern of movements emerge from the dynamical constraints of their environment? And how does movement shape perceptual discovery?

 

Articles/links:

Motor Development: A New Synthesis

Infant bouncing: The assembly and tuning of action systems

Crawling versus walking infants' perception of affordances for locomotion over sloping surfaces

Motor Development (Adolph & Berger)

Motor development and the mind: the potential role of motor abilities as a determinant of aspects of perceptual development

Development of visual motion perception for prospective control: brain and behavioral studies in infants

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Ace & The Gulls – Baby Said

Paul Collins Beat – Baby I’m in Love With You

The Uniques – Mother & Child Reunion

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

Oct 18, 2016

A discussion Andrew Wilson from Leeds Beckett. We discuss ecological psychology ideas like motor abundance, functional equivalence and degeneracy, Andrew’s recent study on task dynamics and information in throwing, his work on affordances and throwing prehistoric stones, and the current and future state of the ecological approach.

 

More information about my guest:

http://www.leedsbeckett.ac.uk/staff/dr-andrew-wilson/

http://psychsciencenotes.blogspot.co.uk/

https://twitter.com/PsychScientists

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Andrew_Wilson14

 

Link to motor abundance video mentioned:

http://psychsciencenotes.blogspot.com/2016/09/the-bliss-of-motor-abundance.html

 

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

Twitter: @Shakeywaits

Email: robgray@asu.edu

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Lo Fi is Hi Fi - I’m on a Talk Show

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org

Oct 13, 2016

A look at perceptual-motor development from an information processing, stage-based perspective.  What is the relative importance of genetics and early experience? Are their critical periods in which perceptual and motor skills must develop? What is an efference copy?

 

Articles/links:

What Is Motor Development? The Lessons of History

Infancy and Human Growth

Effects of visual deprivation on morphology and physiology of cells in the cat's lateral geniculate body

Extent of recovery from the effects of visual deprivation in kittens

Movement-produced stimulation in the development of visually guided behavior

Organization of Early Skilled Action

The Principle of Reafference: Interactions between the Central Nervous System and the Peripheral Organs

Paralysis of the Awake Human: Visual Perceptions

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Barrence Whitfield & The Savages - I'm A Full-Grown Man

The Party Faithful – Childish Notion

The Hussy – Baby Child

Ben Sollee – Obvious Child

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org and jamendo.com

Oct 11, 2016

Thinking aloud about some sports science issues as I prepare for my first 50K ultra.  What is the optimal focus of attention for a runner and how does it change as you switch from road to trail?  How can one best acquire the skill of downhill running?  Does it depend on where you look?

 

Articles/links:

My training log: https://www.strava.com/athletes/17201121

Race I am doing: http://www.aravaiparunning.com/cave-creek-thriller/

Related blog post with figures: http://perceptionaction.com/37d/

“Look around while running!” Attentional focus effects in inexperienced runners

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1PE0fbapiyQ

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Miss Derrinnger – Better Run Away From Me

Trash Ride – Running Around

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

 

Attention figure

Oct 6, 2016

A discussion with Kylie Steel Senior Lecturer in the School of Science and Health at Western Sydney University in Australia. In the interview we discuss biological motion: what is it and how can we apply it to sport, how important is it to be able to quickly recognize a teammate on the field or court, do compression garments work and if so how, and how are skilled acquisition professionals viewed by coaches and players.

 

More information about my guest:

http://www.uws.edu.au/staff_profiles/uws_profiles/doctor_kylie_steel

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Kylie_Steel

https://au.linkedin.com/in/kylie-steel-b62b71123

https://twitter.com/kylie_steel2016

 

Biological motion demo:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r0kLC-pridI

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

Twitter: @Shakeywaits

Email: robgray@asu.edu

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Lo Fi is Hi Fi - I’m on a Talk Show

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org

Oct 4, 2016

What is stereotype threat and how can it affect sports performance? Is it possible that being challenged by a statement like “girls can’t play sports” could make a female athlete perform better in some situations?

 

Articles:

On the causal mechanisms of stereotype threat: can skills that don't rely heavily on working memory still be threatened?

“Girls should cook, rather than kick!” – Female soccer players under stereotype threat

Girls can play ball: Stereotype threat reduces variability in a motor skill

The effect of stereotype threat on performance of a rhythmic motor skill.

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

June & Jean Millington – Play Like a Girl

The Strangers - Stereotypical

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

Sep 29, 2016

A discussion with Joe Baker, Professor in the School of Kinesiology and Health Science at York University in Canada. Topics include: how good are we at identifying talent, early specialization vs diversification, designing effective learning environments, retention and transfer of sports skills, and are sports good for our long term health?

 

More information about my guest:

http://www.yorku.ca/bakerj/

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Joe_Baker

https://www.linkedin.com/in/joe-baker-320b9a32

https://twitter.com/bakerjyorku

 

More information:

http://perceptionaction.com/

My Research Gate Page (pdfs of my articles)

My ASU Web page

Podcast Facebook page (videos, pics, etc)

Twitter: @Shakeywaits

Email: robgray@asu.edu

 

Credits:

The Flamin' Groovies - Shake Some Action

Lo Fi is Hi Fi - I’m on a Talk Show

Mark Lanegan - Saint Louis Elegy

via freemusicarchive.org

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